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二手票務平臺靠譜嗎?真假、安全都成搜索關鍵詞
作者:王法治 來源:人民日報 時間:2019-6-5 10:27:41 點擊數:(0)0

截圖.jpg

某二手票務平臺的票務信息截圖

隨著演出市場進一步繁榮,互聯網技術加快普及應用,為買賣雙方創建自由交易環境的二手票務平臺也開始野蠻生長。據了解,二手票務平臺自稱匯聚主辦方、各級票務公司和個人閑置等票源,票品由賣家自行定價和供應,平臺本身不對票品定價。然而,由于票源復雜且無通行票品質檢措施,二手票交易市場屢現“天價票”,也滋生了不少詐騙事件。

對此,專家表示,治理二手票務平臺的行業亂象要堅持源頭治理、多措并舉,通過建立行業自律組織,制定出一套關于價格浮動、消費者服務標準、賣家管理標準等行業新準則,形成常態化的規范與監督機制。

某些二手票務網站真能忽悠

票品保真、無票賠付、假一賠三……如今,隨便打開一個票務網站,消費者很容易就能看到這些宣傳標語。然而,不少用戶發現,真實的用戶體驗并不像某些二手票務網站描繪得那樣美好。一些消費者在網上下了單卻遲遲等不到發票,一些消費者選擇現場取票卻發現票是假的,再想調換已經錯過了演出時間,還有一些消費者掃描票品二維碼驗證為真票后爽快付錢,誰知這些二維碼卻是從真票上“克隆”來的,根本不匹配票碼。

業內人士表示,票源混亂是導致二手票務平臺假票頻出的原因之一,目前的演出票務分一級票務市場和二級票務市場,一級票務市場票源來自演出主辦方,安全性比較高。而二級票務市場包含各類票務代理分銷商、二手票務平臺、票務代理商以及地域性的個人代理“黃牛”,票源非常復雜,在票務的層層分銷、代理中,難免摻雜著假票,再加上沒有官方驗票的質檢環節,導致一些假票難以被剔除,最終流入消費者手中。

早在2017年7月,原文化部就下發了關于規范營業性演出市場經營秩序的通知,要求進一步加強對營業性演出票務市場的監管,保護消費者合法權益。2018年,文化和旅游部開展違規票務網店專項整治,對2600多家網店進行專項清理,在北京、上海等19個地區查處143家違規從事票務經營活動的網店。然而,每過一段時間,虛假宣傳、隨意溢價、票源不明、交易模糊等痼疾就會重新發作。

“二手票務市場的種種亂象痼疾難除,很大程度上是文化產業蓬勃發展過程中供求關系失衡的問題。”中國社科院信息化研究中心秘書長、信息化與網絡經濟室主任姜奇平表示,整改不能一陣風,要逐步探索建立常態化的規范與監督機制,同時充分發揮市場的作用,提供能有效甄別假票的相關服務。

“這跟黃牛也沒什么兩樣”

二手票務平臺究竟是不是“黃牛”?縱觀整個二手票交易市場,熱門演出加價購票似乎成為常態,但是對于加價幅度卻沒有相應的要求。

業內人士指出,本來二手票務平臺是對傳統票務平臺的補充,使票務經營模式更加多樣、渠道手段更加便捷。但現狀卻變成消費者在一級票務市場很難購買到熱門演出票,大量的票都流入二手票務平臺銷售而且加價幅度不設限。“這跟黃牛也沒什么兩樣。”一位演出行業分析人士表示。

事實上,為了獲取更多的利潤,一些二級票務代理、演出商會與“黃牛”已經形成一條利益共生鏈,炒高票價后,所有參與者都能分一杯羹。專家指出,囤票捂票炒票、虛假宣傳、交易不透明等違法違規演出票務經營行為嚴重損害消費者權益,擾亂演出市場正常秩序。

如何維護行業秩序?姜奇平認為,市場、行業、政策三方面應協同發力,多策并舉。一是要充分發揮市場在資源配置中的決定性作用,讓消費者擁有更加充分的選擇空間;二是票務行業需要建立行業自律組織,制定出一套關于價格浮動、消費者服務標準、賣家管理標準等新的行業準則;三是有關部門要加大對平臺的監督、檢查和處罰力度。

“必須給二手票務平臺立規矩。”姜奇平表示,以分銷為主的二級票務市場之所以成為票務問題頻現的重災區,很大程度上是行業缺少相關規范。

對二手票務平臺不可放任

隨手搜索“二手票務平臺”,首先跳出的是“真假”、“安全嗎”、“靠譜嗎”這類關鍵詞,可見種種亂象的出現對消費者的信心產生了極大影響。在此情形下,如何構建更規范的平臺、提供更好的服務,成為二級票務面臨的考驗。

目前國內有40余個演出售票平臺,其中10余個從事二手票交易或者開啟二手票交易業務。業內人士指出:“構建健康公正的票務交易服務平臺需要更多的企業共同推進,積極履行平臺監督、引導交易規范化。”以二級票務市場的頭部玩家摩天輪票務為例,其相關負責人表示,摩天輪票務希望在相關監管部門的指導下,建立行業自律組織,完成二級票務市場的不斷優化和調整。

“票務平臺應當堅持誠信經營、承擔社會責任、堅守商業道德規則。”姜奇平認為,對一級平臺來說,不能一放了之,對票的流向要有清晰把握;對二級平臺來說,更不能見利忘義,承擔社會責任才能走得更遠。

“讓更多消費者重拾對行業的信心,享受更滿意的價格,走進更多的現場,才是我們創業的初心。”一位二手票務平臺的工作人員說道。

【責任編輯:路麗莎

關鍵字:票務平臺 二手 安全

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