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高考臨近 專家提醒考生及家長正確對待“考試焦慮”
作者:佚名 來源:重慶晚報 時間:2019-5-30 15:54:50 點擊數:(0)0

高考臨近,因為學業負擔及壓力而產生的焦慮,成為一些考生及家長的困擾。對此,受訪專家提醒考生及家長正確認識、對待“考前焦慮”和“考中焦慮”,調整心態,自信迎考。

“許多人在重大考試前,或多或少都會有焦慮出現,但并不是所有的焦慮都不利于考試發揮,適度的緊張和興奮能激發學生挖掘出更多潛力。”湖南省長沙市長郡中學心理健康教育中心主任、國家二級心理咨詢師梁琪說。

長期從事中學生心理輔導的梁琪告訴記者,如果“考前焦慮”導致了一些比較嚴重的生理癥狀,比如失眠、心跳加速等,就需要進行自我調整,建議考生們通過跑步、散步等方式進行生理上的放松;通過和父母、朋友聊天等方式進行心理情緒的釋放等。

“要避免產生‘反彈效應’,也就是說,越關注不好的事情,越容易將不好的情緒放大,進而陷入情緒困擾中,加劇這種焦慮和浮躁。”梁琪說。

專家建議

考生和家長都要給出積極的心理暗示。面對步入考場之后的緊張情緒,梁琪提供了一個小訣竅:“建議孩子們隨身帶一瓶水,人在緊張和焦慮的時候容易喉頭發緊,然后越發心慌,這個時候,不妨擰開水瓶喝一小口水,幫助喉頭放松,也讓自己慢慢平靜下來。”

如果考生在某一門考試中發揮不盡如人意,家長應該怎么做?梁琪建議,首先要允許和接納孩子的消極情緒,給予釋放情緒的空間,同時盡量給予積極信號。“有些家長喜歡跟孩子說‘沒關系,你考什么樣我都能接受’,雖然是善意的,但并不建議這樣做。處于考試狀態的孩子往往是很敏感的,不能傳遞出‘我不相信你’這樣的消極暗示。”

【責任編輯:馬越

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